← Back to Teach Index

Kathleen Flake and Carolyn Howarter, “Mormonism and American Culture”

RELC 2215, University of Virginia 2020

Kathleen FlakeIn the nineteenth century, Mormonism had the distinction of being one of the most overtly persecuted religions in the United States. Today, its chief representative, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is the nation’s fourth-largest religious body and has a reputation for hyper-patriotism and middle class mores. In addition to introducing who the Mormons are, their beliefs, and their religious practices, this seminar will use their story to better understand religion and its adaptive strategies. More specifically, we will be asking: What is the American idea of being properly religious? How did conflicts over Mormonism help define the legal limits of religious liberty and, even today, why does it serve as a test of public tolerance for religion? How have Latter-day Saint teachings about modern revelation, gender, race, sex and marriage, as well as controversies about whether or not Mormons are Christian, positioned and repositioned Mormons within American society? We will approach these discussions from a variety of perspectives: historical, sociological, ethnographic, and theological.


  • Gain insight into the general themes of American religion as reflected in the origins and development of Mormonism.
  • Understand the basic history, beliefs, and practices of Mormonism.
  • Identify the sources and significance of the tensions within Mormonism and between Mormonism and American culture.
  • Increase capacity to understand and relate to diverse religious institutions and opinions.


The Church & its Hierarchy; The Latter-day Saint Congregation; Gendering Priesthood; Relationships in the Home & Family; Beliefs & Practices; Conversion; the Book of Mormon; Persecution & Power; and more


Mason, Patrick. What is Mormonism? (Routledge, 2017) [Digital version available on Virgo]
All other readings are filed under “Resources” on UVA Collab or hyperlink on the syllabus.
In addition, MormonWiki and The Encyclopedia of Mormonism contain short articles written by Mormon and non-Mormon scholars on every topic treated in this course. If you have questions as you go along or if you want more suggestions for reading on any given topic, these sites can help.
Official information about The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is available at three sites designed for three audiences: https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/?lang=eng for members, https://www.comeuntochrist.org/light-the-world for non-members, and https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org for media outlets.
This most populous representation of the Mormon movement will be the focus of our studies. Reference will be made, however, to other churches which trace their origins to Joseph Smith,
such as the Community of Christ.